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The design is attributed to M Koechlin & É Nouguier, two senior engineers working for the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel. It was envisioned after discussion about a suitable centrepiece for the proposed 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world's fair to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution. In May 1884, working at home, Koechlin made a sketch of their idea, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base & coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". Eiffel initially showed little enthusiasm, but he did approve further study, and the two engineers then asked S Sauvestre, the head of company's architectural department, to contribute to the design. Sauvestre added decorative arches to the base of the tower, a glass pavilion to the first level, and other embellishments. The new version gained Eiffel's support: he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier, & Sauvestre had taken out, & the design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884 under the company name. On 30 March 1885, Eiffel presented his plans to the Société des Ingénieurs Civils; after discussing the technical problems & emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying the tower would symbolise: "Not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the 18th century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude." Little progress was made until 1886, when J Grévy was re-elected as president of France. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation of the tower during the exhibition & for the next 20 years. He later established a separate company to manage the tower, putting up half the necessary capital himself. #parisfrance #visitparis #visitlafrance #seineriver #laconciergerie #tourism #traveling #travelling #europe #toureffeil #eiffeltower #towereiffel #eiffeltoweratnight #eiffeltower #towereiffel

17-12-2018 05:51:26

The Eiffel Tower: is a wrought-ironlattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. Constructed from 1887–1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, it was initially criticized by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but it has become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognisable structures in the world. The Eiffel Tower is the most-visited paid monument in the world; 6.91 million people ascended it in 2015. The tower is 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building, and the tallest structure in Paris. Its base is square, measuring 125 metres (410 ft) on each side. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monumentto become the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930. Due to the addition of a broadcasting  aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres (17 ft). Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second tallest free-standing structure in France after the Millau Viaduct. The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second levels. The top level's upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the ground – the highest observation deck  accessible to the public in the European Union. Tickets can be purchased to ascend by stairs or lift to the first and second levels. The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the first level to the second. Although there is a staircase to the top level, it is usually accessible only by lift. #parisfrance #paris #visitparis #visitlafrance #visitlafrance #seineriver #laconciergerie #palaisdelacite #tourism #traveling #travelling #europe #toureffeil #eiffeltower #towereiffel #eiffeltoweratnight #eiffeltower #towereiffel

17-12-2018 05:28:59

Rencana awal pembangunan Menara Eiffel dimaksudkan untuk sekedar ikut dalam Pameran Dunia dan izin berdiri selama 20 tahun saja. Bahkan masyarakat Paris ketika itu menyebut menara Eiffel menganggu pandangan mata. . . #eiffeltower #eiffeliminlove2 #eiffeliminlove #eiffel #eiffeltoweratnight #eiffel2 #menaraeiffel #paris #perancis🇫🇷 #menara #sejarah #kisahlalu #awalmula #ceriteralama_sejarah #jadulinfo #infojadul

17-12-2018 05:13:28

I may not have gone where I intended to go, but I think I have ended up where I needed to be. douglas adams #traveler #paris #eiffeltower #eiffeltoweratnight #parisatnight #france #airfrance #eurostar #europe #iphonography #cityoflights #riverseine

17-12-2018 04:36:53

Que shulada!! Quedé con los ojos quadrados al ver la Torre Eiffel Fue algo increíble

17-12-2018 04:01:49

My favorite city in the world. Need to start planning on my next international trip soon. #paris #eiffeltower #eiffeltoweratnight #france #needavacation #cityoflights #toureiffel #champdemars

17-12-2018 03:56:34

Bonne nuit mon amour #eiffeltower #romantic #toureiffel #eiffeltoweratnight

17-12-2018 03:10:30

见过无数照片 也不及脚下一瞥 #effieltower #effiletower #effel #eiffeltoweratnight #torreeiffel

17-12-2018 00:44:19

Always in love with Paris Stay in the perfect paradise for a fraction of the price Get up to 80% discount when you book your hotel in Paris with parisluxurylifestyle.com Direct link in bio Congratulations to @albparis_ for the picture Tag your best photos of #Paris with #eiffeltoweraddict #torreeiffel #eiffelview #paris#eiffelturm #eiffeltour #unlimitedparis #eiffeltowerview #eiffeltowerparis #eiffeltowerrestaurant #eiffeltoweratnight #eiffeltowerbynight #eiffeltowerlover #eiffeltower🗼 #eiffel_tower #tourdeeiffel #埃菲尔铁塔 #eiffeltoren #эйфелевабашня #エッフェル塔 #paris🗼 #paris_vacations #toureiffel #eiffeltower #Parigi #Париж #Франция

17-12-2018 00:09:35

It’s been a month of being back in the states and I’m already planning my next 2 trips what I’ve learned is do what makes you happy, that’s all that counts ️ - - - - #worldtraveler #singlegirl #model #musicaltheatreactress #eiffeltoweratnight #tb #france #paris

16-12-2018 23:51:16